History of hats - Part I

History of hats - Part I

Невъзможно е да се посочи точна дата, на която е била създадена първата шапка. Това най-вероятно се е случило през периода, когато са се появили и първите дрехи. Предназначението на шапката тогава основно било да предпазва от природните елементи, но също е била използвана и като окраса, както е и в наши дни. Шапките имат дълга история като белег за социален статус, занаят и дори политическа принадлежност.

Едно от първите изображения на човек нахлупил конусовидна сламена шапка е открито в Тива и е датирано от около 3200 г. пр. н.е. А едно от първите открития на древна шапка е направено в Дания. Там, в едно тресавище е открит мумифициран млад вожд на племе с кожена шапка на главата, датиран от 70 г. пр. хр.

Различните видове шапки от ранните години сл. хр. включвали шапки наподобяващи гугла на гъба – днес наричани кепе, фригийска шапка, която по-късно била идентифицирана като „шапката на свободата“, която се давала на робите в Гърция и Рим, когато били провъзгласявани за свободни хора, и шапка Петасос, която идва от древна Гърция и е първата известна на човечеството шапка с периферия.

Шапка наподобяваща гугла на гъба   Фригийска шапка   Шапка Петасос

          Шапка наподобяваща гугла на гъба                                                           Фригийска шапка                                                                                         Шапка Петасос


 

Въпреки, че от много ранен етап от жените се е очаквало да покриват главите си с воали, кърпи, качулки или забрадки, чак в края на 16 век се появили първите дамски шапки, по подобие на тези, които изисканите мъже носели.

Едва в края на седемнадесети век започнали да се появяват дамски шапки, неповлияни от мъжката мода.

През 1529 г. за първи път била регистрирана думата „milliner“ (производител на дамски шапки). Преди това, с нея назовавали продуктите, с които Милано и северна Италия били известни (панделки, ръкавици и сламени шапки). И тъй като галантеристите, които внасяли широко разпространените сламени шапки били наричани „milliners“ – то станало нарицателно за производителите на дамски шапки.

През средата на 1800-те, Швейцарските и Италиански сламени шапки, както и техни имитации, направени от хартия, картон, трева и конска грива вече били на разположение на жените, едновременно с въвеждането на кадифето и тюла.

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